Chapter 41 Animations   Study Guide

Unit 7: Animal Form and Function Animal Nutrition Review
  1. Animals are and must ingest food to meet their energy needs.
  2. Animals can synthesize about half of the amino acids required for protein synthesis, the rest are amino acids that must be obtained from food.
  3. Animals with simple body plans have a cavity that functions in both digestion and distribution of nutrients.
  4. More complex animals possess a digestive tract ( canal) organized into specialized regions for digestion and absorption.
  5. The human digestive consists of the canal and various accessory that secrete digestive juices.
  6. Food is conducted from the down to the stomach by esophageal .
  7. The stomach secretes juice made up of acid (HCl) and the enzyme , starting the protein digestion process and converting food to acid .
  8. The longest section of the alimentary canal is the intestine, which is the major organ of and , moving the food toward the anus by .
  9. The first portion of the small intestine is the , where acid mixes with digestive juices from the , , and .
  10. The intestine, recovers , and concentrates wastes into solid , which pass through the and exit via the .
  11. Herbivores need a long time to digest the tough in vegetation. and have alimentary canals than carnivores.
  12. Many herbivorous animals, including such as cattle, have chambers where microorganisms digest the cellulose.
    Review: Digestive System Function
bio1152 Home +space -space Jul 1, 2009 Print Print